In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of 1588. From its origins to its impact on modern life, 1588 has played a crucial role in multiple aspects of society. This topic has not only captured the curiosity of academics and experts but has also generated massive interest among the general public. Over the next few pages, we will delve into the history, importance, and future of 1588, hoping to provide a deeper and more meaningful insight into this highly relevant topic today.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
August 6: The English Navy defeats the invading Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines.
1588 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1588
Ab urbe condita2341
Armenian calendar1037
Assyrian calendar6338
Balinese saka calendar1509–1510
Bengali calendar995
Berber calendar2538
English Regnal year30 Eliz. 1 – 31 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2132
Burmese calendar950
Byzantine calendar7096–7097
Chinese calendar丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4285 or 4078
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4286 or 4079
Coptic calendar1304–1305
Discordian calendar2754
Ethiopian calendar1580–1581
Hebrew calendar5348–5349
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1644–1645
 - Shaka Samvat1509–1510
 - Kali Yuga4688–4689
Holocene calendar11588
Igbo calendar588–589
Iranian calendar966–967
Islamic calendar996–997
Japanese calendarTenshō 16
Javanese calendar1507–1509
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3921
Minguo calendar324 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar120
Thai solar calendar2130–2131
Tibetan calendar阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1714 or 1333 or 561
    — to —
(male Earth-Rat)
1715 or 1334 or 562

1588 (MDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1588th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 588th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 16th century, and the 9th year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1588, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.



  • January 22Pope Sixtus V issues the papal bull Immensa aeterni Dei, a major reorganization of the Roman Curia creating 15 congregations of cardinals, including the Congregation of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum, the Church list of forbidden books; the Congregation of the Inquisition; and the Congregation of the Vatican Press.
  • January 24War of the Polish Succession: The Battle of Pitschen takes place at Pitschen (now Byczyna in Poland, with Polish and Lithuanian troops commanded by the Polish hetman Jan Zamoyski defending against an invading Austrian force commanded by Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria. After his army is routed, Archduke Maximilian surrenders and is taken as a prisoner of war, and will be held for more than a year until his release is compelled by the intervention of Pope Sixtus V.
  • February 9 – The sudden death of Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, in the midst of preparations for the Spanish Armada, forces King Philip II of Spain to re-allocate the command of the fleet.
  • February 18 – In what is now Sri Lanka, the siege of Colombo by King Rajasinha I of Sitawaka ends when Portuguese Admiral Pedro Teixeira arrives with a fleet of 80 ships and frees the capital of Portuguese Ceylon. King Rajasinha and his troops flee back to his capital at Seethawakapura.
  • March 20 – The ascension of Shah Abbas I as Emperor in Iran, of the Safavid Empire, is made official on the first day of the New Year on the Zoroastrian Calendar. Abbas has ruled since October 16, 1587.
  • March 25 – The English Army begins the recruitment of volunteers to prepare for the expected invasion by Spain. On April 10, 1593, the English Parliament will enact the first military pension, "An Acte for relief of Soudiours", providing that "forasmuch as it is agreable with Christian Charity Policy and the Honor of our Nation, that shuch as have since the 25th day of March 1588, adventured their lives and lost their limbs or disabled their bodies, or shall hereafter adventure the lives, lose their limbs or disable their bodies, in defence and service of Her Majesty and the State, should at their return be relieved and rewarded to the end that they may reap the fruit of their good deservings, and others may be encouraged to perform like endeavors..."




  • October 7 – The first biography of Nicolaus Copernicus (d.1543) is completed by Bernardino Baldi.
  • November 13 – Dutch Republic and English forces capture Bergen op Zoom, a fortress in the Spanish Netherlands, after a siege of 41 days.
  • November 15 – The English Navy ship Great Spaniard, formerly the Spanish Armada ship San Salvador until its capture on August 1, sinks off of the coast of England's Isle of Purbeck, with the loss of 23 of the 57 crew. The survivors are rescued by an English man-o-war boat.
  • December 5 – The Order of Augustinian Recollects is formally recognised as a separate province from the Order of Saint Augustine, an event later known as the Día de la Recolección or Day of Recollection.
  • December 23 – Henry III of France strikes his ultra-Catholic enemies, having the Duke of Guise and his brother, Louis II, Cardinal of Guise, killed, and holding the Cardinal de Bourbon a prisoner. As a result, large parts of France reject Henry III as their king, forcing him to side with Henry of Navarre.




Pierre Seguier


Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg

Date unknown


Henri, Prince of Conde
King Frederick II of Denmark
Mimar Sinan
Henry I, Duke of Guise


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